Gdańsk was first mentioned in 997 by St. In the writings of Adalbert of Prague, where even before the Prussian Crusades, it was mentioned as a settlement belonging to the Pomeranian estates, with 1 thousand inhabitants. population. In 1440, Gdansk (or Danzig in German) together with Toruń and Elbing formed the Prussian Confederation, which in 1454 rebelled against the Teutonic Order and appealed to the Polish king Casimir IV for help. The Thirteen Years’ War broke out between the Teutonic Order and Poland, after which Gdańsk was annexed to the Kingdom of Prussia.
However, after the partition of Poland in 1793, Danzig officially became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. After Germany’s defeat in the First World War, the Free City of Danzig was established – the city of Danzig and its surroundings. At that time, it was predominantly German, and one of the goals of the German dictator Adolf Hitler was to connect the German lands with Danzig and eliminate the so-called “Polish Corridor”. On September 1, 1939 at 4 a.m. 45 minutes local time, a shell was fired from the German warship Schleswig-Holstein, which had dropped anchor in the Polish-manned port of Westerplatte near Danzig. This is considered the beginning of World War II. A few days later, German troops occupied Danzig.
The disastrous spring of 1945
Exactly Second World War destroyed the historical Danzig as it was before 1945.
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