It is generally believed that the settlement of Iceland began in the 9th century. in the second half. The reasons for the migration are not clear, but later in the Middle Ages Icelanders themselves usually cited civil strife or lack of arable land.
Archaeologists found the 10th century. or a later dating homestead, the buildings of which were built between 940 and 1100, but later, between 1160 and 1300. to supplement
11th century part of this area was collapsed by a landslide, which ultimately preserved much of the underlying archaeological and organic material. Later, the area was buried in 1362. ash of the erupting Öræfajökull volcano (Norwegian colonists called this volcano Knappafellsjǫkull).
In this area, where four barrows were found during previous excavations, the company Antikva, with the support of the Norwegian Cultural Heritage Research Institute, carried out a study.
Recent archaeological research has focused on the area, which was reported in the 12th century. the Landnåmsboka text claims that it was founded by Bjólfur of Voss in Norway as one of the first settlements in the region.
The team found pearls and jewelry, and one from the 10th or 11th century. the pearl was decorated with what appeared to be the colors of the Icelandic flag – although they were not first approved until 1915.
Archaeologists have also unearthed a barrow containing human and horse remains, as well as burials including a spear, boat fragments and ironwork, as well as a silver ring.
“It will be interesting to compare this with the four mounds we excavated last year.” There is a unique opportunity to look at the history of Seyðisfjörður since the 10th century. second half to the 11th century,” says archaeologist and team leader Ragnheiðura Traustadóttir.
Adapted from Heritage Daily.