Excavations were carried out between March and the end of June by an international team representing Romanian and Hungarian authorities, and discovered three Neolithic sites, two from the Middle and Late Bronze Age, two from the Roman period and two from the Medieval period.
A press release from the Tarii Crisurilor Museum announced that archaeologists excavating near Biharia found the tomb of a woman belonging to the Tisa culture.
The Tisa culture (4500-4000 BC) is an Eneolithic archaeological culture that existed in the Great Hungarian Plain, Banat, Krišana and Transylvania, Eastern Slovakia and the Transcarpathian region of Ukraine.
Dr. Călin Ghemiş of Tarii Crisurilor Museum, who led the team, said that the woman was buried with 169 gold rings that decorated her hair, a multi-helix copper bracelet, two gold beads and approximately 800 bone beads.
Based on the initial examination of the deceased’s teeth and height, it is believed that the person buried here was a high-status woman. This is also confirmed by the absence of weapons, which are usually associated with male burials in the Tisa culture.
The samples have been sent to laboratories in Romania and the Netherlands to obtain more accurate dating through radiocarbon measurements in addition to DNA sampling and further anthropological studies.
As part of the excavations for the larger project, the team also found traces of two dwellings near the town of Sântandrei. Ceramics from the 2nd century have been found. BC to the 2nd century AD. The team also found III-IV c. a Sarmatian settlement, and near Bihari – a female skeleton buried with several ornaments.
Adapted from Heritage Daily.